13年间青藏高原湖泊平均每年蒸发总量517亿吨

  • 时间:
  • 浏览:79475

哪里能买到银行储蓄卡【V信/QQ:355.906.105】认准一手卡商"货到付款"全新开户.各大行均有售.资料齐全.诚信合作.信誉100%?安全放心可靠.13年间青藏高原湖泊平均每年蒸发总量517亿吨

(原标题:13年间青藏高原湖泊平均每年蒸发总量517亿吨)

(中)(新)(社)(拉)(萨)6(月)28(日)(电) ((赵)(朗))(记)(者)28(日)(晚)(从)(中)(科)(院)(青)(藏)(高)(原)(研)(究)(所)(获)(悉)(,)(该)(所)(地)(气)(作)(用)(与)(气)(候)(变)(化)(研)(究)(团)(队)(估)(算)(,)2003(年)(至)2016(年)(青)(藏)(高)(原)(湖)(泊)(平)(均)(每)(年)(蒸)(发)(总)(量)(为)517(亿)(吨)(。) (青)(藏)(高)(原)(被)(称)(作)(“)(亚)(洲)(水)(塔)(”)(,)(其)(湖)(泊)(面)(积)(近)5(万)(平)(方)(公)(里)(,)(占)(中)(国)(湖)(泊)(总)(面)(积)50%(以)(上)(。) (中)(科)(院)(青)(藏)(高)(原)(研)(究)(所)(王)(宾)(宾)(博)(士)(介)(绍)(,)(以)(往)(,)(在)(研)(究)(青)(藏)(高)(原)(湖)(泊)(水)(分)(循)(环)(过)(程)(中)(,)(对)(高)(海)(拔)(湖)(泊)(的)(湖)(—)(气)(相)(互)(作)(用)(观)(测)(较)(少)(。)(同)(一)(湖)(泊)(采)(用)(不)(同)(研)(究)(方)(法)(得)(到)(的)(湖)(泊)(蒸)(发)(量)(具)(有)(明)(显)(差)(异)(,)(且)(湖)(泊)(蒸)(发)(量)(空)(间)(分)(布)(及)(蒸)(发)(总)(量)(仍)(未)(可)(知)(。) 2012(年)(,)(该)(所)(地)(气)(作)(用)(与)(气)(候)(变)(化)(研)(究)(团)(队)(开)(始)(做)(青)(藏)(高)(原)(湖)(泊)(蒸)(发)(观)(测)(研)(究)(。)(研)(究)(团)(队)(基)(于)(青)(藏)(高)(原)(湖)(泊)(非)(结)(冰)(期)(能)(量)(平)(衡)(的)(合)(理)(假)(设)(,)(结)(合)(卫)(星)(遥)(感)(资)(料)(、)(中)(国)(气)(象)(驱)(动)(数)(据)(集)(资)(料)(、)(青)(藏)(高)(原)(观)(测)(研)(究)(平)(台)(观)(测)(资)(料)(,)(得)(到)(了)(青)(藏)(高)(原)75(个)(大)(型)(湖)(泊)(的)(结)(冰)(过)(程)(、)(湖)(泊)(蒸)(发)(量)(空)(间)(分)(布)(以)(及)(湖)(泊)(蒸)(发)(总)(量)(等)(数)(据)(。)(通)(过)(与)(实)(测)(结)(果)(对)(比)(,)(研)(究)(结)(果)(显)(示)(出)(较)(好)(的)(一)(致)(性)(。) (他)(表)(示)(,)(这)(种)(估)(算)(方)(法)(为)(准)(确)(估)(算)(“)(亚)(洲)(水)(塔)(”)(中)(湖)(泊)(水)(资)(源)(储)(量)(提)(供)(数)(据)(参)(考)(。) (通)(过)(大)(量)(研)(究)(表)(明)(,)2003(年)(至)2016(年)(,)(青)(藏)(高)(原)(湖)(泊)(蒸)(发)(总)(量)(为)(每)(年)517(±)21(亿)(吨)(,)(相)(当)(于)3570(个)(杭)(州)(西)(湖)(的)(水)(量)(,)(其)(中)75(个)(大)(型)(湖)(泊)(的)(蒸)(发)(总)(量)(为)(每)(年)294(±)12(亿)(吨)(。) (研)(究)(还)(发)(现)(,)(湖)(泊)(冬)(季)(冰)(面)(升)(华)(水)(量)(大)(约)(占)(湖)(泊)(年)(蒸)(发)(量)(的)12.3%-23.5%(,)(是)(湖)(泊)(水)(量)(平)(衡)(研)(究)(重)(要)(的)(组)(成)(部)(分)(。)(青)(藏)(高)(原)(南)(部)(湖)(泊)(的)(非)(结)(冰)(期)(长)(度)(和)(湖)(泊)(蒸)(发)(量)(都)(显)(著)(高)(于)(北)(部)(湖)(泊)(。) (据)(悉)(,)(这)(一)(重)(要)(研)(究)(成)(果)(已)(在)(国)(际)(著)(名)(学)(术)(期)(刊)(《)(科)(学)(—)(进)(展)(》)(发)(表)(。)(另)(外)(,)(该)(测)(算)(方)(法)(可)(准)(确)(估)(算)(青)(藏)(高)(原)(湖)(泊)(蒸)(发)(量)(,)(并)(可)(应)(用)(于)(估)(算)(世)(界)(其)(它)(地)(区)(湖)(泊)(蒸)(发)(量)(。)((完)) (【)(编)(辑):(罗)(攀)(】) <!----> 编码:20205290352